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论幼年的思考方式

幼年这个时间上的节点,导致了其思考方式的特殊性,因为思考的广度有限,所以常常将毫无关系的两件事物关联在一起。

比如:我小的时候看过一本叫做“抽筋神探”的漫画,其主角的名字就是“一鸣”, 然后过了一段时间,学校旁开起了一家“一鸣真鲜奶吧”,我就不由自主的认为这两者之间有某种联系。

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我是谁?我为什么是我?

这个疑问只出现在一瞬间。

对大部分有这种体验的人,有时候甚至要隔上几个月甚至几年的时间才会出现一次这样的“一瞬间”。
仿佛是灵魂出窍,质疑个体的独立性
或许就是宗教中所说的“神秘体验”的感觉吧。
那个时候我会不明白为何“我”在这个躯壳里面,为何“我”是我。
那种感觉过后,重新回到这个世界中来 又看尽周边无言呜咽
所以才会有这个疑问,而且是无法用语言来解答的疑问。

很遗憾,这几年都没有过这样的体验了,所以对那个瞬间的感受也没有办法说的明白

或许我太想登顶于这个社会吧

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[Idea]一个能卖队友血的游戏

今天我的同学正在联机玩一个叫绝地求生的游戏,突然Andy大喊一句:“你打我打的好疼啊啊啊” 就有了以下的想法:

设想有这样的一个游戏:双人联机合作横版通关游戏, 每个玩家选择的角色拥有各种技能,但是这些技能都需要消耗队友的血量(当然消耗完就死了)。游的要点在于控制队友的血量不会被你消耗完,或者足够高以承受怪和BOSS的攻击,同时要用血量打出足够的技能来通过。

加强联机语音功能,让关卡单人几乎无法通关。增加排位功能。。。

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前言:

我不信任像百度云,dropbox什么的公有云,并不是说怕资料外泄什么的,主要是不想让数据流落在外(不然多可怜啊):)我常常需要大文件的快速转运,也不想把钱花在那些花花绿绿的功能上,我就想要一个干净高效的私有云。

VPS:

我的第一个想法是搭建一个在VPS上的owncloud,想想上次在vultr上搭vpn懒得停,欠了他26.78刀,不想还了,就用我第二个邮箱建了一个账号—然后发现我第二个邮箱也被我注册了一些奇奇怪怪的东西—又试了几个,发现我7个邮箱全都用来注册了,哎,算了那还是还他钱吧,毕竟用的主邮箱注册的。

三下五除二搞定,测试主机速度,ping主机,销毁重建被墙的ip然后发现还是洛杉矶机房最快,也没多快啊!!!现在vps就没有便宜的净土了,一开始还好,能到1/2的速度,然后就开始以kb/s为单位。不行,太不稳了,实在受不了,就想起自己买个nas。

NAS:

网上看看视频和教程,就在雷雷那里搞了台NAS,发现功能太多了,就很兴奋。

首先搞nas要把自己家里网络布局搞清楚,我是光纤-光猫-主路由器(RT-5300)-Aimesh到楼上分路由器(AC68U),电信的网络,先10000号打给电信要了一个公网ip并把光猫转为桥接模式(路由器pppoe拨号性能更好),在花生壳上买了DDNS内网穿透服务。

我买的是群晖218+版本加一块NAS4t盘,现在有点后悔,4盘位虽然贵了点但解码和容量物超所值。(老的不行了给我即将来到的天文社用)电源插上,然后nas网线插到路由器lan口里。雷雷的售后群真好用,问题不会都找他们。

先说说搭建私有云的事,我先在nas里创建一个分享文件夹,然后下载WebDav套件,在电脑端下载NetDrive,输入ip什么的就在电脑里挂载了一个网络磁盘,在家里以千兆局域网速度传输(大约200MB/s-500MB/s)在外就以大概4mb/s传输,但使用时估计要在路由器上映射一个5005默认端口。不过也很简单,动动小手几秒钟就好了

但我想最好用的应该是plex,在任何客户端都可以做到很高的易用性,但这里我要提出建议:我218+的最高解码分辨率应该在1080p,但事实上也极其吃力,我翻阅网上的解决方案说是下载一个kobi然后在其内装载plex插件就可以做到本地解码,但问题是其兼容性十分的糟糕,并且非常麻烦···我觉得有钱的话还是一步到位比较好,直接上4k解码。

作为个人云盘的话还是用drive吧,drive作为内置的“office“非常的好用,在此不再赘述

然,又是会觉得一些不怎么隐私但重要的文件需要安全保存,比较nas有极小的可能性因网络环境的变动以及硬件故障宕机。在套件中心里下载cloud扫描就可以对单个文件或文件夹同步备份。

云盘太多,需要做一个整合。。。

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7/28 月全食 血月 火星大冲

最近的确没怎么花时间在天文上,以至于27号才知道要吃。一开始得知这月很小就有点不情愿,但想想别这么懒嘛,就激励我自己一下:

此幻灯片需要JavaScript支持。

毕竟一晚上没睡,现在还是浑浑噩噩的状态。我当时想,拍月球嘛,要啥GOTO导,抱着镜筒就是干,然后发现月球相对速度在望远镜里快的一*,所以血月就有点糊。

还是挺开心的,more and more :)

 

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Some Thinking About The Handmaid’s Tale

Two Ideas, Two Discoveries

The Collapse of The Spiritual Support

 

Moira is a main character who plays a big role in The Handmaid’s Tale, she shows the power Gilead have by her fallen process. Moria is a brave and strong woman and her characteristics can be defined by all things she does. She is an extraordinary girl “in her purple overalls, one dangly earring, the gold fingernail she wore to be eccentric” (pg. 47) because those apparel on her is still very ahead even in the time of the USA, and the word “eccentric” shows that those apparel are not that mild for most of the people. The things wear on people shows their features, so by the apparel Moria wears, she is an independent and extreme woman. “‘Go on back,’ Moria said to them. ‘Don’t make a thing of it, what if she walks in?’” (pg. 228). Moria here is trying to calm down the situation, because Janine’s crazy behavior may let Aunts come. Moria is the first handmaid who begins to control the situation when Janine begin to behave like she is crazy and other handmaids are do not know what to do but make noises. Moira is the leader of  “sheep”, this solving trouble ability shows her power and independence. Moira is the only one who brave enough to escape from the house “Moira was out there somewhere.” (pg.143), here is the sentence said by Offred which shows the thing that Moira is already escaped from the house. Moira is the only one let the escaping plan becomes true from the heart, which shows she is a brave and extraordinary woman. All things above shows Moria is a brave and great woman, which looks she actually could be the bravest character in the novel. The thing is, Moria as the symbol of independence and strengthen, in the club of Commanders, Moira still be corrupted by the society and be a prostitute willingly “You should figure out some way of getting here.” (pg. 261), Moira here is thinks nothing about to escape but wants to stay in the club forever and let it becomes a kind of honor, which is the key to show how powerful the new government of Gilead is. Moira displays the strength of the government–how it could reduce even a woman of rebellious strength to a worn woman dressed in a tattered bunny costume. Moira is every bit as much of a sexual object as those forced to be vessels for pregnancy–maybe even more so. She shows the difficulty of escape this sexual totalitarian society, because of that difficulty, Gilead is a very powerful government.

 

 

Color, Red, and Bondage

 

Red as color through the whole book, which plays an important role in The Handmaid’s Tale. Red is the symbol of bondage and shows the limitation of handmaids’ rights. Offred always talks about how uncomfortable she is to wear those red robes “when it is muddy, in July and August, you wear inside them.” (pg. 65), here Offred is talking about that she needs to wear a hot red robe even on such a hot day. Which replace the feeling of “feel free to wear things you like.” It is unreasonable for handmaids to wear those closed type robes in such a fuggy day, but handmaids have no choice to refuse. They even cannot decide the cloth they could dress, it is not only just a simple rule but also can see the view of the rights handmaids has from such a small thing, handmaids have no freedom. “Her dress is crisp cool cotton. For her, it’s blue, watercolor, not this red of mine that sucks in heat and blazes with it at the same time.”(pg. 213), here Offred talks about the different clothes between handmaids and wives, not all the women in Gilead must wear those uncomfortable red robes but only handmaids. Only handmaid’s freedom is limited that much but not like wives can dress cool cotton. Red is handmaid’s color, the color of bondage. “A shape, red with white wings around the face, a shape like mine, a nondescript woman in red carrying a basket.”(pg. 28), here Offred describes the uniform they wear when the first time she met Ofglen. The red robe handmaids dress let they cannot have obvious features, which means those red robes cover and remove their personalities. Gilead wants handmaids to lose their features by the way of wearing the almost same red robes, which is a bondage to limited handmaids’ characteristics. “Here there are no chairs. Our area is cordoned off with a silky twisted scarlet rope, like the kind they used to have in movie theatres to restrain the customers”(pg. 226), here the red rope is the tool to keep handmaids’ order in the Salvaging. Handmaids are limited by only a red silky rope which could be easily broken, the thing limited handmaids is not a strong and hard wall, but the red rope, which is the spirit limitation. The control of Gilead is in the inside of handmaids, they feel powerless against the society. The scarlet rope is the symbol of controlling and limiting. Red, spirit bondage, like a dome covered each handmaid’s mind.

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Is KIC-8462852 A Dyson Sphere?

 

Abstract

By the recent research and observation, there is a star numbered KIC-8462852 spread a strange flux and decreasing of its brightness without clear periodicity. By the suspects, people have already given and the Drake equation, there is no significant evidence to prove that that is an impossibility; therefore, the inference is there is a possibility to be a Dyson Sphere, which means there is also have a possibility to have another civilization.

Key Words:

Dyson Sphere, astronomy, star, KIC-8462853, alien

Introduction

According to the latest experimental observation conducted by the Planet Hunter Program by Zooniverse , the brightness of star KIC-8462852 has decreased about 22% surprisingly without apparent periodicity by Boyajian’s confirming “These show that the flux is relatively constant for most of that time, but is punctuated by a number of substantial dips in flux, including a 15% drop near day 800, and a whole sequence of dips (with one reaching a depth of 22%)”(Boyajian 3). Such kind of exciting and strange behavior of star KIC-8462852 causes an extensive and hot discussion, and some media reports even show it is a sign of discovery of alien, which caused a considerable influence in public.  There are many different kinds of theories about this unnormal behavior such as Eva claim that KIC-8462852’s behavior is caused by the transit of a large comet family. (Bodman 1), a cloud of gas, error of the instrument etc.. However, the study and research are just at the beginning, because the specific and one-directing reports are not shown yet. Here comes the question—Is KIC-
8462852 A Dyson Sphere?

What is Dyson Sphere?

The first thing will be going to talk about is: What is Dyson Sphere? Recalling Stapledon’s description, Dyson proposed similar structures in a scientific paper in 1960. Dyson realized that alien civilizations could be recognized by their waste heat, which would be detectable as infrared radiation. Dyson proposed that really advanced civilization would re-engineer thrive solar systems, perhaps dismantling planets to form a shell of satellites around their star to capture its energy.( Tate, “Dyson Spheres: How Advanced Alien Civilizations Would Conquer the Galaxy (Infographic)”) We could divide civilizations to three levels by Kardashev scale :I civilization, which means this civilization could completely use the whole energy of its living plane and its satellite; II civilization, which means this civilization could collect the whole energy of Galaxy; III civilization, which means this civilization could completely use the whole energy of the galactic system. (Tate, “Dyson Spheres: How Advanced Alien Civilizations Would Conquer the Galaxy (Infographic)”). Our civilization level is 0.8 which means we even not a civilization.

Strange behavior

In the observation program “Planet Hunter” by Zooniverse which a public welfare program is, for people to find interesting stars by human eyes which hard for the instrument to do. Volunteers found an interesting planet which shows a strange behavior. (Boyajian 2) The Star KIC-8462852 is not distributing light evenly but looks like be covered by something, scientists are already excluded from the problem of data error and aircraft covered, people give a lot of reason for that.

Instrument Error

The first guessing comes to people’s mind is the problem of instruments. By the words from Boyajian: “We confirm that the dipping signals in the data are not caused by

any instrumental or data processing artifact, and thus are astrophysical in origin.”(Boyajian 2) Before publishing the paper, people have already checked the data analysis software and detector of Kepler telescope, photons become dark on several different pixels on CCD, and four CCDs on the telescope show this situation in different time(Coughlin et al. 2014), which mean it cannot be problem of CCD, some other teams also built and check the original data with the same result, so it is nearly impossible to be this kind of situation.

Covering by Asters in Solar System

Calculations show that if the shelter is located inside the solar system, it must have a diameter of at least 1 astronomical unit, a distance of 10,000 astronomical units from the Sun (ie the scale of the Kuiper Belt to the Oort Cloud), and a distance away from the ecliptic plane (Boyajian’s yellow tube of 62 degrees). . Considering that humans have little knowledge of the outer solar system, it is unclear how large this possibility is.

Surrounded by a star-stabilized object (such as a black hole) and its accretion disk

However, the probability that it happens to be seen by us is very small, only one in a million. Considering that only 200,000 stars were observed by Kepler, the probability is very small.

Comet or other

Boyajian’s original paper already discussed the situation of comets (Boyajian “What the flux” 17). Bodman and Quillen of the University of Rochester believe that the second large drop in luminosity (that is, a decrease around 1500 days) can be explained by the same group of comets(“Where’s the flux” 2), most of which are in the same orbit, possibly by the same event. Generated, such as the disintegration of planets or the gravitational disturbance of companion stars. To block 20% of the main star’s light, it requires 30 comets with a radius of 100 km or 300 with a radius of 10 km. It is still difficult to explain the decline of the first time (that is, around the 800th day) because the first decline is smoother and slower, and the number of comets required increases to 70 (radius 100 km) or 700 respectively. (10 km radius). The comet’s elliptical orbit has a high eccentricity, and only when it passes through the near star point can it produce a significant super infrared, and the total mass does not exceed the upper limit given by Thompson.

Low-temperature cyclic substance

The edge of this ring happens to be facing us. However, Thompson’s millimeter/submillimeter-wave observations do not tend to have a large number of such substances(Thompson KIC 8462852 faded at an average rate of 0.164±0.013 magnitudes per century from 1890 to 1989” 1), and this hypothesis cannot explain the continuous darkening that occurs during the entire observation period of the Keplerian telescope.

The activities of the stars themselves

such as sunspots and magnetic fields. The Boyajian star’s rotation period is 0.88 days, and sunspots or rotate with the stars, but there is no 0.88-day cycle in the decline of the light curve, so it does not match. As the F-type main sequence star, the outer layer of Boyajian star has no convection zone and the rotation is fast, and there should be no obvious activity cycle. So this assumption is very unlikely.

The sunspots in the polar regions

This explains why the drop curve does not have a 0.88-day period, and long-term darkening can also be explained by increasing the area of sunspots. However, this does not meet the characteristics of early-type F main sequence stars and is therefore unlikely.

The pulsation of the star itself.

In this case, the light changes of the stars are often periodic, and the time scale is also inconsistent with the Boyajian star. No one known pulsation mechanism can explain this. Therefore, it is also unlikely.

Artificial celestial body

The unnatural-made building which uses for collecting energy from a star such as Dyson Sphere, which is the possibility people most care about. An easy way to test this possibility is to use the absorption characteristics of different materials and compare the stellar distances obtained by various methods.  (Kepler “Data for KIC-8462852” 22) The panel is a geometric absorber that blocks the stars in different wavelengths indiscriminately, and the absorption of the interstellar material is weaker for red light with longer wavelengths, i.e., the reddening effect. The method of obtaining the stellar distance by comparing the radiation fluxes of different wavebands usually considers the correction brought about by reddening. The range captured by the parallax of the triangle is a pure geometric effect and has nothing to do with the brightness. Therefore, if ESA’s astrometric satellite, GAIA, gets a significantly more considerable distance through the triangulation parallax than the traffic-reddening method, it supports this possibility.

The Drake Equation

The Drake equation is used to counting the number of communicating civilizations in the universe, or more simply, to determine the probability of finding intelligent life in the world (Drake Drake Equation 1)

The first proposed equation by radio astronomer Frank Drake in 1961 computes the number of civilizations to communicate by multiplying several variables. It is usually written as follows according to the search for extraterrestrial information (SETI).

N = R * · FP · ne · fl · fi · fc · L

N = number of civilizations in which electromagnetic radiation in the galaxy can be detected.

R * = formation rate of stars suitable for the development of intelligent life.

fp = Percentage of stars with a planetary system.

ne = number of planets with the environment suitable for life for each solar system.

fl = Percentage of an appropriate planet in which life appears.

fi = Percentage of life with a planet on which intelligent life emerges.

fc = Percentage of civilizations developing technology to release detectable signs into space.

L = the length of time that such civilization releases a detectable signal into space.

Depends on the equation, most of the factor we cannot find the specific data, all the date in the comparison are unsure, such as fl: The fraction of suitable planets on which life actually appears, which is the most unsure part of the whole equation because the planet could be destroyed by complex reasons. On the other hand, how could we know if there is another civilization in The Milky Way because it is super hard for them to spread information to here? All in all, the Drake equation shows that there is a possibility to have aliens even this equation is only base on a human being.

Conclusion

KIC 8462852’s doubts have not yet been solved, and progress from May to the present is still very limited. What has been published or published at present is the analysis of historical data. There have been a large number of observations since the darkening in May. The results have not yet been published. In these analyses of historical evidence, two phenomena have been studied differently from each other. Support is therefore reliable, that is, the darkening from 2009 to 2013, and the stellar color becoming more “red” when it is dimmed. “Also, based on individual, rough observations cannot prematurely conclude. For example, a site posted sodium and calcium lines before and after blocking, it was not the result of careful processing, and it did not see the publication of research papers. The reliability was in doubt, so it was not considered for the time being. But the thing is, there is no evidence to directly negative the possibility to be a Dyson Sphere star, therefore the existence of that is still positive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works-Cited

Boyajian, T. S., LaCourse, D. M., Rappaport, S. A., Fabrycky, D., Fischer, D. A., Gandolfi, D., … & Olah, K. (2016). Planet Hunters IX. KIC 8462852–where’s the flux?. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 457(4), 3988-4004.

Schuetz, Marlin, et al. “Optical SETI observations of the anomalous star KIC 8462852.” The Astrophysical Journal Letters 825.1 (2016): L5.

Bodman, E. H., & Quillen, A. (2016). KIC 8462852: transit of a large comet family. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 819(2), L34.

Montet, B. T., & Simon, J. D. (2016). KIC 8462852 faded throughout the Kepler mission. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 830(2), L39.

Drake, F. (1961). The Drake equation. See http://www. activemind.com/Mysterious/Topics/SETI/drake_equation. html.

Schaefer, B. E. (2016). KIC 8462852 faded at an average rate of 0.164±0.013 magnitudes per century from 1890 to 1989. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 822(2), L34.

Boyajian, T. S.; LaCourse, D. M.; Rappaport, S. A.; Fabrycky, D.; Fischer, D. A.; 等. Planet Hunters X. KIC 8462852 – Where’s the Flux?. 11 September 2015. arXiv:1509.03622 [astro-ph.SR]. Submitted to Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.

^ Pecaut, Mark J.; Mamajek, Eric E. Intrinsic Colors, Temperatures, and Bolometric Corrections of Pre-main-sequence Stars. The Astrophysical Journal (IOP Publishing). 10 July 2013, 208 (1): 9 (4 September 2013). Bibcode:2013ApJS..208….9P. arXiv:1307.2657. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/208/1/9.

^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wright, Jason. KIC 8462852: Where’s the Flux?. AstroWright. Pennsylvania State University. 15 October 2015 [16 October 2015].

^ Newsome, John. Space anomaly gets extraterrestrial intelligence experts’ attention. CNN News. 16 October 2015 [16 October 2015].

^ Staff. Discovery of a strange star could mean alien life. Fox News. 15 October 2015 [16 October 2015].

^ 6.0 6.1 King, Bob. What’s Orbiting KIC 8462852 – Shattered Comet or Alien Megastructure?. Universe Today. 16 October 2015 [16 October 2015].

^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Andersen, Ross. The Most Mysterious Star in Our Galaxy. The Atlantic. 13 October 2015 [13 October 2015].

^ Grush, Loren. Why it’s so hard for astronomers to discuss the possibility of alien life. The Verge. 16 October 2015 [17 October 2015].

^ Kaplan, Sarah. The strange star that has serious scientists talking about an alien megastructure. The Washington Post. 15 October 2015 [15 October 2015].

^ 10.0 10.1 Aron, Jacob. Citizen scientists catch cloud of comets orbiting distant star. New Scientist. 18 September 2015 [15 October 2015].

^ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Plait, Phil. Did Astronomers Find Evidence of an Alien Civilization? (Probably Not. But Still Cool.). Slate. 14 October 2015 [15 October 2015].

^ KIC10 Search Results. Space Telescope Science Institute. [16 October 2015].

^ 13.0 13.1 Sinnott, Roger W. (2010), Sky & Telescope’s Pocket Sky Atlas, Sky Publishing Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A., ISBN 978-1-931559-31-7 (flexi-softcover, spiral bound). 3rd version 2010 (1st & 2nd printings 2006).

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看起来眼睛难受?网站速度慢?图片加载不出来?试试这个(AMP版本)

前言:在中国上网,必然会受到“高墙”的阻碍,暂且不谈其给我们带来的好处,我们许多的需求像查找信息,抑或是游戏解锁等等不能被满足。本文的观看者将彻底摆脱“小白”称号,基本到达消费者顶峰。

什么是VPN以及存在的必要:

虚拟私人网络英语:Virtual Private Network,缩写为VPN)是一种常用于连接中、大型企业或团体与团体间的私人网络的通讯方法。虚拟私人网络的讯息透过公用的网络架构(例如:互联网)来传送内部网的网络讯息。它利用已加密的通道协议(Tunneling Protocol)来达到保密、发送端认证、消息准确性等私人消息安全效果。这种技术可以用不安全的网络(例如:互联网)来发送可靠、安全的消息。需要注意的是,加密消息与否是可以控制的。没有加密的虚拟专用网消息依然有被窃取的危险

总而言之,一浅显易懂的语言来讲,VPN可以隐藏你真实的IP地址并以其他位置的IP替代,因此可以做到加密和虚假地区(即翻墙)的作用。再加一句:在以前,若是你使用过百度的任何产品,我就可以用你的IP定位到你使用设备的50米范围内,这想必是极其危险的。

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VPN的分类和选择:

如今(到这篇文章发布为止)有以下几种主流的翻墙方式(难易度排序):

  • 使用成品应用
  • 在网上购买SS或者V2Ray服务
  • 自己搭建服务器

注意!!:如果想有好的使用体验,那都是要钱的!毕竟这都是需要搭建服务器的,使用那些免费产品的,要不速度慢,会突然跑路,要用的时候出问题,要不就直接泄露你的消息!不要耗费心力在这些上!我们可以尽可能的通过合租,卖自己流量的方式来减低花费甚至盈利。

我会在这里列出每项的优劣和具体的项目选择和使用(每项都是我根据个人经验选择的,绝无广告

—————————————————————————————————————————————

使用成品应用:

现在的成品应用参差不齐,就如我在上文所说的一样,不要使用来历不明的成品应用,不仅耗时耗力,还有安全隐患。

然而一旦选择成品应用,那么其好处也是非常明显的—简单便利好用!下载软件,登陆账号,一键就可开启。

成品应用的选择:

使用了那么多年的成品VPN,经历了Green,蓝灯等等的退出,还有一个VPN服务还在运行,那就是多态(Duotai.love) 但最近它的官网被封锁的很厉害,大多数也需要挂着一个VPN才能上。它之所以可以生存下来,靠的是与各大互联网企业的合作,与其完美的服务。(它的官网真的很好看)并且全平台支持真的很好.png

情感类问题

我们的情怀是什么?

我们其实没有什么情怀,我们只想为你提供最好的上网工具。而为了达到这个「最好」,我们会付出一切与之对称的努力。我们希望你会一直使用多态,所以我们愿意虚心的倾听你的建议,甚至希望你告诉我们有谁比我们更好,我们可能会用事实回应,也可能默默改进。

我们享受「日本零售业」的优质服务,所以我们也很乐意为你提供优质的售后服务。虽然没有专职的客服人员,但我们肯定不会用高冷或者阴阳怪气的语言和你对话。因此,你肯定不会在多态遇到这样的答复:「你可以用别人的」、「请自行百度」、「不为什么」、「亲,」……

这样的尊重,也同样体现在一些服务设置方面,例如:允许账户在一定范围内多人共享使用;支持 72 小时内无条件退款;套餐档位的设计遵循成本差异原则,而不通过条件限制来引导用户购买更高级别套餐。

这些便是多态团队觉得所有商业行为都应该做的事情,便谈不上骄傲,更别提情怀了。

只是很凑巧的发现,我们成为了第一个,也是唯一这么做的而已。

使用:官网无法注册账号,其需要下载软件

首先,我们要做的是下载它的软件

点此下载安卓多态.APK文件

点此下载MAC多态.dmg文件

点此下载Windows多态.EXE文件

IOS系统:在国区APP Store的多态被下架了,你需要一个美服的账号(淘宝购买?)然后搜索多态或扫描二维码: .png下载

然后在软件中注册账号,邀请码可以使用我的,这样我就可以有几天时间的奖励,然后你也会获得24小时的Basic基础套餐试用奖励

邀请码(不定时更新,一个只能使用一次):2161-40FC-FCAF-4F

登陆后,若是使用我的邀请码,那么就可以选择地区开启多态,进入官网多态(Duotai.love) 看更多的使用技巧(SS,其他系统的使用等)。本文就不再赘述。

其他的成品软件Express VPN,软件细节做的也可以,但毕竟主打加密,而且本土化也一般,毕竟是美国公司。

—————————————————————————————————————————————

网上购买SS或者V2Ray服务(简称SV):

SS全称Shdowsocks, 是和V2Ray一起在Github上的开源项目。SS和V2Ray总而言之是一个能连接到VPN服务的软件,只需输入服务器的参数,即可实现翻墙。

SS和V2Ray的区别在于,SS已经停止更新,即使有后续志愿者编写SSr但也毕竟是个人,V2Ray是新的开源项目(后台贼硬)也更符合时代,但网上支持V2Ray的VPN提供商特别少。

网上卖SV的特别多(卖V的不多 注意“或者”!)当你到达第三步即“自己搭建服务器”的时候,你也可以卖你的服务来盈利。所以我个人推荐一个物美价廉,也是我一直在用的SV服务:召唤师注册点我(官网链接一直换,上不去右下角叫我)同样要翻墙才能上,它就没什么客户端了,用多态上吧

1png进入官网点LogIn

注册后登陆进入召唤师主界面

使用我的长期邀请码可以直接得到5金币(5RMB)的奖励!(话说每个邀请机会也要我付2000mb的流量···)没了老样子右下角叫我

邀请码: sdlJVksmKDRW

邀请链接: https://zhs.ooo/auth/register?code=sdlJVksmKDRW

2

召唤师主界面

我记得是有免费节点(服务器)的但是又慢又少,点击召唤中的召唤升级就是购买相应的服务,

服务总体分为三种:等级,流量,套餐

等级分为1-6级,等级越高可用的节点就越多越好,好的节点可以让你延迟变低,速度变快,可用地区更多

流量,就是你能使用节点的数据量,比如你用4G看Youtube上的视频,大小为120m,你会同时消耗你4G的120m流量和此处购买的120mX节点倍数的流量(不同节点不同消耗速度,有0.5也有1.5)

套餐,此处套餐分为白银,大师,和王者,各个包含了不同的等级和流量

白银 100.00 金币 增加流量 350G 升级为等级 3 ,有效期 365天
大师  200.00 金币 增加流量 1024G 升级为等级 5 ,有效期 555天
王者  500.00 金币 增加流量 5000G 升级为等级 6 ,有效期 6666天

[非常重要!!!]

市面上绝大部分的VPN(包括多态)都不可以观看Netflix, Hulu, BBC, TVB, DMM等类国外流媒体视频服务。而召唤师在选择节点后是支持的(也有免费Netflix节点)

即使你的其他VPN可以进入其主页,但也不能播放视频

TIPS:账号建议淘宝购买,非常划算

节点名称数字 ❶ 表示该节点等级,带 [NF] 标签表示支持代理观看Netflix视频,带 [v6] 表示支持IPv6,其它标签同理

.png

节点示例

如何充值代币?

召唤师的代币叫做金币,点击 召唤-捐赠打赏,1:1的充值比例

趣闻:召唤师我觉得很有特色,不仅是他的名字,如果你使用他的服务,会发现有很多“奇奇怪怪”的功能,比如用流量金币抽奖玩游戏,签到也可以随机很多流量,现在它的社区很火热,值得跟进!

下载和使用:

.png

下载和使用教程区示例

在主页找到下载和使用 根据自身选择教程(IOS国区没有Shadowrocket 需要美区账号)

—————————————————————————————————————————————

搭建自己的SS服务器(可用在V2Ray软件上):

——————————————————以下内容为转载—————————————————

2018.6.28更新:vultr官方进行了调整,2.5美元套餐只提供ipv6,如果你没有ipv6需求,那么你可以买5美元的套餐。


不怕被封ip,因为vultr是折算成小时计费,且可以随时删除和开通服务器,新服务器就是新的ip。新开服务器只需要0.01美元,即使你运气非常不好,开了10台服务器才获得没有被墙的ip,总创建服务器成本也只有0.1美元,不到1块钱。开通服务器时,当出现了ip,不要立马去ping或者用xshell去连接,再等5分钟之后,有个缓冲时间。

自建ss/ssr教程很简单,整个教程分三步

第一步:购买VPS服务器

第二步:一键部署VPS服务器

第三步:一键加速VPS服务器 (谷歌BBR加速,推荐)


第一步:购买VPS服务器

VPS服务器需要选择国外的,首选国际知名的vultr,速度不错、稳定且性价比高,按小时计费,能够随时开通和删除服务器,新服务器即是新ip。

vultr注册地址: http://www.vultr.com/?ref=7048874 (全球15个服务器位置可选,kvm框架,2.5美元/月。如果以后这个vultr注册地址被墙了,那么就用翻墙软件打开,或者用ss/ssr免费账号

虽然是英文界面,但是现在的浏览器都有网页翻译功能,鼠标点击右键,选择网页翻译即可翻译成中文。

注册并邮件激活账号,充值后即可购买服务器。充值方式是支付宝或paypal,使用paypal有银行卡(包括信用卡)即可。paypal注册地址:https://www.paypal.com (paypal是国际知名的第三方支付服务商,注册一下账号,绑定银行卡即可购买国外商品)

2.5美元/月的服务器配置信息:单核 512M内存 20G SSD硬盘 带宽峰值100M 500G流量/月

5美元/月的服务器配置信息: 单核 1G内存 25G SSD硬盘 带宽峰值100M 1000G流量/月

10美元/月的服务器配置信息: 单核 2G内存 40G SSD硬盘 带宽峰值100M 2000G流量/月

20美元/月的服务器配置信息: 2cpu 4G内存 60G SSD硬盘 带宽峰值100M 3000G流量/月

40美元/月的服务器配置信息: 4cpu 8G内存 100G SSD硬盘 带宽峰值100M 4000G流量/月

注意:vultr官方进行了调整,2.5美元套餐只提供ipv6,如果你没有ipv6需求,那么你至少要买5美元的套餐。

vultr实际上是折算成小时来计费的,比如服务器是5美元1个月,那么每小时收费为5/30/24=0.0069美元 会自动从账号中扣费,只要保证账号有钱即可。如果你部署的服务器实测后速度不理想,你可以把它删掉(destroy),重新换个地区的服务器来部署,方便且实用。因为新的服务器就是新的ip,所以当ip被墙时这个方法很有用。当ip被墙时,为了保证新开的服务器ip和原先的ip不一样,先开新服务器,开好后再删除旧服务器即可。

计费从你开通服务器开始算的,不管你有没有使用,即使服务器处于关机状态仍然会计费,如果你没有开通服务器就不算。比如你今天早上开通了服务器,但你有事情,晚上才部署,那么这段时间是会计费的。同理,如果你早上删掉服务器,第二天才开通新的服务器,那么这段时间是不会计费的。在账号的Billing选项里可以看到账户余额。

温馨提醒:同样的服务器位置,不同的宽带类型和地区所搭建的账号的翻墙速度会不同,这与中国电信、中国联通、中国移动国际出口带宽和线路不同有关,所以以实测为准。可以先选定一个服务器位置来按照教程进行搭建,熟悉搭建方法,当账号搭建完成并进行了bbr加速后,测试下速度自己是否满意,如果满意那就用这个服务器位置的服务器。如果速度不太满意,就一次性开几台不同的服务器位置的服务器,然后按照同样的方法来进行搭建并测试,选择最优的,之后把其它的服务器删掉,按小时计费测试成本可以忽略。

账号充值如图

开通服务器步骤如图

选择vps操作系统时,不要选centos7系统!点击图中的CentOS几个字,会弹出centos6,然后选中centos6!entos7默认的防火墙可能会干扰ssr的正常连接!

接下来这一步是开启vps的ipv6 ip,选填项。如果你的电脑系统可以用ipv6,那么可以勾选此项。大多数用户没有这个需求,但有一些用户可能会用到,所以补充了这部分内容。

开通服务器时,当出现了ip,不要立马去ping或者用xshell去连接,再等5分钟之后,有个缓冲时间。完成购买后,找到系统的密码记下来,部署服务器时需要用到。vps系统(推荐centos6)的密码获取方法如下图:

如果你开启了vps的ipv6,那么在后台的settings选项可以找到服务器的ipv6 ip。在部署SSR账号时,你用ipv6 ip就行。整个部署及使用过程中,记得把电脑系统开启ipv6喔。

删掉服务器步骤如下图

一个被墙ip的vps被删掉后,其ip并不会消失,会随机分配给下一个在这个服务器位置新建服务器的人,这就是为什么开新服务器会有一定几率开到被墙的ip。被墙是指在国内地区无法ping通服务器,但在国外是可以ping通的,vultr是面向全球服务,如果这个被墙ip被国外的人开到了,它是可以被正常使用的,半年或1年后这个被墙的ip可能会被国内防火墙解封,那么这就是一个良性循环。


第二步:部署VPS服务器

购买服务器后,需要部署一下。因为你买的是虚拟东西,而且又远在国外,我们需要一个叫Xshell的软件来远程部署。Xshell windows版下载地址:

国外云盘1下载

国外云盘2下载 提取密码:666

国外云盘3下载 密码:123

如果你是苹果电脑操作系统,更简单,无需下载xshell,系统可以直接连接VPS。打开终端(Terminal),输入ssh [email protected] 其中“ip”替换成你VPS的ip, 按回车键,然后复制粘贴密码,按回车键即可登录。粘贴密码时有可能不显示密码,但不影响, 参考设置方法 如果不能用MAC自带的终端连接的话,直接网上搜“MAC连接SSH的软件”,有很多,然后通过软件来连接vps服务器就行,具体操作方式参考windows xshell。


部署教程:

下载windows xshell软件并安装后,打开软件

选择文件,新建

随便取个名字,然后把你的服务器ip填上

连接国外ip即服务器时,软件会先后提醒你输入用户名和密码,用户名默认都是root,密码是你购买的服务器系统的密码。

如果xshell连不上服务器,没有弹出让你输入用户名和密码的输入框,表明你开到的ip是一个被墙的ip,遇到这种情况,重新开新的服务器,直到能用xshell连上为止,耐心点哦!如果同一个地区开了多台服务器还是不行的话,可以换其它地区。

连接成功后,会出现如上图所示,之后就可以复制粘贴代码部署了。

CentOS6/Debian6/Ubuntu14 ShadowsocksR一键部署管理脚本:


yum -y install wget

wget -N –no-check-certificate https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ToyoDAdoubi/doubi/master/ssr.sh && chmod +x ssr.sh && bash ssr.sh

备用脚本:

yum -y install wget

wget -N –no-check-certificate https://softs.fun/Bash/ssr.sh && chmod +x ssr.sh && bash ssr.sh

———————————————————代码分割线————————————————

复制上面的代码到VPS服务器里,复制代码用鼠标右键的复制,然后在vps里面右键粘贴进去,因为ctrl+c和ctrl+v无效。接着按回车键,脚本会自动安装,以后只需要运行这个快捷命令就可以出现下图的界面进行设置,快捷管理命令为:bash ssr.sh

如上图出现管理界面后,输入数字1来安装SSR服务端。如果输入1后不能进入下一步,那么请退出xshell,重新连接vps服务器,然后输入快捷管理命令bash ssr.sh 再尝试。

根据上图提示,依次输入自己想设置的端口和密码 (密码建议用复杂点的字母组合,端口号为40-65535之间的数字),回车键用于确认

注:关于端口的设置,总的网络总端口有6万多个,理论上可以任意设置,但不要以0开头!但是有的地区需要设置特殊的端口才有效,一些特殊的端口比如80、143、443、1433、3306、3389、8080。

如上图,选择想设置的加密方式,比如10,按回车键确认

接下来是选择协议插件,如下图:

选择并确认后,会出现上图的界面,提示你是否选择兼容原版,这里的原版指的是SS客户端(SS客户端没有协议和混淆的选项),可以根据需求进行选择,演示选择y

之后进行混淆插件的设置。

注意:如果协议是origin,那么混淆也必须是plain;如果协议不是origin,那么混淆可以是任意的。有的地区需要把混淆设置成plain才好用。因为混淆不总是有效果,要看各地区的策略,有时候不混淆(plain)让其看起来像随机数据更好。(特别注意:tls 1.2_ticket_auth容易受到干扰!请选择除tls开头以外的其它混淆!!!)

进行混淆插件的设置后,会依次提示你对设备数、单线程限速和端口总限速进行设置,默认值是不进行限制,个人使用的话,选择默认即可,即直接敲回车键。

注意:关于限制设备数,这个协议必须是非原版且不兼容原版才有效,也就是必须使用SSR协议的情况下,才有效!

之后代码就正式自动部署了,到下图所示的位置,提示你下载文件,输入:y

耐心等待一会,出现下面的界面即部署完成:

根据上图就可以看到自己设置的SSR账号信息,包括IP、端口、密码、加密方式、协议插件、混淆插件,这些信息需要填入你的SSR客户端。如果之后想修改账号信息,直接输入快捷管理命令:bash ssr.sh 进入管理界面,选择相应的数字来进行一键修改。例如:

脚本演示结束。

此脚本是开机自动启动,部署一次即可。最后可以重启服务器确保部署生效(一般情况不重启也可以)。重启需要在命令栏里输入reboot ,输入命令后稍微等待一会服务器就会自动重启,一般重启过程需要2~5分钟,重启过程中Xshell会自动断开连接,等VPS重启好后才可以用Xshell软件进行连接。如果部署过程中卡在某个位置超过10分钟,可以用xshell软件断开,然后重新连接你的ip,再复制代码进行部署。


第三步:一键加速VPS服务器

此加速教程为谷歌BBR加速,Vultr的服务器框架可以装BBR加速,加速后对速度的提升很明显,所以推荐部署加速脚本。该加速方法是开机自动启动,部署一次就可以了。

按照第二步的步骤,连接服务器ip,登录成功后,在命令栏里粘贴以下代码:

【谷歌BBR加速教程】

yum -y install wget

wget –no-check-certificate https://github.com/teddysun/across/raw/master/bbr.sh

chmod +x bbr.sh

./bbr.sh

把上面整个代码复制后粘贴进去,不动的时候按回车,然后耐心等待,最后重启vps服务器即可。

演示开始,如图:

复制并粘贴代码后,按回车键确认

如下图提示,按任意键继续部署

部署到上图这个位置的时候,等待3~6分钟

最后输入y重启服务器,如果输入y提示command not found ,接着输入reboot来重启服务器,确保加速生效,bbr加速脚本是开机自动启动,装一次就可以了。

服务器重启成功并重新连接服务器后,输入命令lsmod | grep bbr 如果出现tcp_bbr字样表示bbr已安装并启动成功。如图:


【SSR客户端下载】

第一次电脑系统使用SSR/SS客户端时,如果提示你需要安装NET Framework 4.0,网上搜一下这个东西,安装一下即可。NET Framework 4.0是SSR/SS的运行库,没有这个SSR/SS客户端无法正常运行。有的电脑系统可能会自带NET Framework 4.0。

Windows SSR客户端 下载地址 备用下载地址

MAC SSR客户端 下载地址 备用下载地址

Linux客户端一键安装配置使用脚本(使用方法见注释) 或者采用图形界面的linux ssr客户端

安卓SSR客户端 下载地址 备用下载地址

苹果手机SSR客户端:Potatso Lite、Potatso、shadowrocket都可以作为SSR客户端,但这些软件目前已经在国内的app商店下架,可以用美区的appid账号来下载。但是,如果你配置的SSR账号兼容SS客户端,或者协议选择origin且混淆选择plain,那么你可以选择苹果SS客户端软件(即协议和混淆可以不填),APP商店里面有很多,比如:superwingy、firstwingy、shadowingy、wingy+、banananet、kite-ss proxy、goodshadow、icproyx、shadowrocket等。

有了账号后,打开SSR客户端,填上信息,这里以windows版的SSR客户端为例子

在对应的位置,填上服务器ip、服务器端口、密码、加密方式、协议和混淆,最后将浏览器的代理设置为(http)127.0.0.1和1080即可。账号的端口号就是你自己设置的,而要上网的浏览器的端口号是1080,固定的,谷歌浏览器可以通过 SwitchyOmega 插件来设置。

启动SSR客户端后,右键SSR客户端图标,选择第一个“系统代理模式”,里面有3个子选项,选择”全局模式“,之后就可以用浏览器设置好了的代理模式(http)127.0.0.1和1080翻墙,此模式下所有的网站都会走SSR代理。

ssr9000


常见问题参考解决方法

1、用了一段时间发现ssr账号用不了了

首先ping一下自己的ip,看看能不能ping的通,ping不通那么就是ip被墙了,ip被墙时,xshell也会连接不上服务器,遇到这种情况重新部署一个新的服务器,新的服务器就是新的ip。关于怎么ping ip的方法,可以自行网上搜索,或者用xshell软件连接服务器来判断,连不上即是被墙了。vultr开通和删除服务器非常方便,新服务器即新ip,大多数vps服务商都没有这样的服务,一般的vps服务商可能会提供免费更换1次ip的服务。

2、刚搭建好的ssr账号,ip能ping通,但是还是用不了

首选排除杀毒软件的干扰,尤其是国产杀毒软件,比如360安全卫生、360杀毒软件、腾讯管家、金山卫生等。这些东西很容易干扰翻墙上网,如果你的电脑安装了这样的东西,建议至少翻墙时别用,最好卸载。其次,检查下SSR信息是否填写正确。浏览器的代理方式是否是ssr代理,即(HTTP)127.0.0.1 和1080。如果以上条件都排除,还是用不了,那么可以更换端口、加密方式、协议、混淆,或者更换服务器位置。另外,如果你的vps服务器配置的是SSR账号,即有协议和混淆且没有兼容原版(SS版),那么你必须使用SSSR客户端来使用账号,因为SS客户端没有填写协议和混淆的选项。

3、有的地区需要把混淆参数设置成plain才好用。因为混淆不总是有效果,要看各地区的策略,有时候不混淆(plain)让其看起来像随机数据更好。

4、电脑能用但手机用不了

如果你的手机用的是SS客户端,SS客户端没有填协议和混淆的地方,如果你部署的协议和混淆的时候没有选择兼容原版(SS版),因此手机是用不了的。这个时候你把协议弄成兼容原版、混淆也设置成兼容原版即可。或者直接将协议设置成origin且混淆设置成plain。

5、vps的服务器操作系统不要用的太高,太高可能会因为系统的防火墙问题导致搭建的SSR账号连不上,如果你用的centos系统,建议用centos6,不要用centos7。如果你前面不小心装了centos7系统,那么只能重装系统或者重新部署新的vps服务器。

6、vultr服务商提供的vps服务器是单向流量计算,有的vps服务商是双向流量计算,单向流量计算对于用户来说更实惠。因为我们是在vps服务器上部署SSR服务端后,再用SSR客户端翻墙,所以SSR服务端就相当于中转,比如我们看一个视频,必然会产生流量,假如消耗流量80M,那么VPS服务器会产生上传80M和下载80M流量,vultr服务商只计算单向的80M流量。如果是双向计算流量,那么会计算为160M流量。

7、如果你想把搭建的账号给多人使用,不用额外设置端口,因为一个账号就可以多人使用。一般5美元的服务器可以同时支持40人在线使用。

如果想实现支持每个用户(端口)不同的加密方式/协议/混淆等,并且管理流量使用,可以参考多用户配置脚本:wget -N –no-check-certificate https://softs.fun/Bash/ssrmu.sh && chmod +x ssrmu.sh && bash ssrmu.sh 备用脚本:wget -N –no-check-certificate https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ToyoDAdoubi/doubi/master/ssrmu.sh && chmod +x ssrmu.sh && bash ssrmu.sh 安装后管理命令为:bash ssrmu.sh

注意:这个多用户配置脚本和教程内容的脚本无法共存!要想用这个脚本,把之前的脚本卸载,输入管理命令bash ssr.sh ,选择3,卸载ShadowsocksR即可卸载原脚本。

8、vultr服务器每月有流量限制,超过限制后服务器不会被停止运行,但是超出的流量会被额外收费。北美和西欧地区的服务器超出流量后,多出的部分收费为0.01美元/G。新加坡和日本东京(日本)为0.025美元/G,悉尼(澳大利亚)为0.05美元/G。把vultr服务器删掉,开通新的服务器,流量会从0开始重新计算。

9、vultr怎样才能申请退款呢?

vultr和其他的国外商家一样,都是使用工单的形式与客服联系,如果需要退款,直接在后台点击support,选择open ticket新开一个工单,选择billing question财务问题,简单的在文本框输入你的退款理由。比如:Please refund all the balance in my account。工单提交以后一般很快就可以给你确认退款,若干个工作日后就会退回你的支付方式。(全额退款结束后,账号可能会被删除)

如果英语水平不好,但是想和客服进行交流,可以用百度在线翻译,自动中文转英文和英文转中文。

10、路由器也可以配置ss/ssr账号,详见openwrt-ssr项目地址:https://github.com/ywb94/openwrt-ssr

11、如果电脑想用搭建的ss/ssr账号玩游戏,即实现类似VPN全局代理,可以用SSTAP,教程:https://www.jianshu.com/p/519e68b74646

转载内容来源:GitHub-自建ss服务器教程

作者邮箱:[email protected]

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以上:)

 

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